Here are 4 Bible verses about logic from the Old and New Testaments of the Holy Bible (King James Version), sorted from most to least relevant.
Isaiah 1:18 KJV
Come now, and let us reason together, saith the LORD: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.
John 1:1 KJV
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
Mark 11:29-33 KJV
And Jesus answered and said unto them, I will also ask of you one question, and answer me, and I will tell you by what authority I do these things. The baptism of John, was it from heaven, or of men? answer me. And they reasoned with themselves, saying, If we shall say, From heaven; he will say, Why then did ye not believe him? But if we shall say, Of men; they feared the people: for all men counted John, that he was a prophet indeed. And they answered and said unto Jesus, We cannot tell. And Jesus answering saith unto them, Neither do I tell you by what authority I do these things.
Isaiah 43:26 KJV
Put me in remembrance: let us plead together: declare thou, that thou mayest be justified.