Egypt’s Ten Plagues

This is a simplified version of the Bible story found in Exodus 7:14-12:42, written for children to understand. For the original version, please refer to the Bible passage.

long, long time ago, there was a man named Moses who talked to God. God asked Moses to tell the King of Egypt, called Pharaoh, to let God’s people go free. But Pharaoh didn’t want to listen to Moses or let God’s people go. So, God sent some very special things to happen to show Pharaoh that He was the one true God.

The first thing that happened was that the water in the Nile River, which was the most important river in Egypt, turned into blood! All the fish in the river died, and the water smelled really bad. But Pharaoh didn’t listen to Moses or believe that God was behind it.

The next thing that happened was that frogs came everywhere! They were in people’s homes, in their beds, and even in their ovens! Moses asked God to make the frogs go away, and God did, but Pharaoh still didn’t listen.

Then, something really strange happened. Dust turned into gnats that bothered people and animals. The magicians of Egypt tried to do the same thing, but they couldn’t. They knew that only God could do something like that, but Pharaoh still didn’t believe.

After that, there were so many flies that it was hard for people to even go outside. But God was kind and didn’t let the flies bother His people in a place called Goshen.

Then, something very sad happened. All the animals of the Egyptians, like cows and horses, died, but the animals of God’s people were safe. Even though Pharaoh saw how powerful God was, he still didn’t let God’s people go free.

And then, God sent the sixth plague, which was boils, big sores that made the people and animals very uncomfortable.

The seventh plague was hail, which means big balls of ice that fell from the sky and destroyed everything in their path. But the people of Israel, who followed God, were safe.

The eighth plague was locusts, which are like really big grasshoppers that ate all the plants.

Then, the ninth plague was darkness that lasted three days. But again, the people of Israel were safe.

God finally said to Moses, “The last plague will be the worst one. Every firstborn in Egypt will die.”

But God told Moses to have the Israelites put lamb’s blood on their doors, so the angel of death would know not to hurt their families. This is called the Passover.

Pharaoh’s son was one of the firstborns who died, and he finally decided to let God’s people go.

The people of Israel left Egypt in a big group. There were more than 600,000 men, plus women and children, and lots of animals, too! They didn’t have time to prepare any food for the journey, so they took dough and baked bread without any yeast, which is called unleavened bread.

After 430 years of living in Egypt, the Israelites were finally free! God watched over them that night and made sure they were safe. And that’s why the people of Israel celebrate that night every year, to remember how God helped them leave Egypt.

Biblical Lessons

  • God is powerful and can do amazing things to help His people.
  • Disobeying God can have serious consequences, as it did for Pharaoh and the Egyptians.
  • God keeps His promises to His people, even when it takes a long time.
  • God wants us to remember the great things He has done for us and to celebrate them.
  • We should trust in God and have faith that He will always be there to help us.

Related Stories

The Birth of Moses

Joseph’s Dreams

Crossing the Red Sea

The Burning Bush

The Ten Commandments